The prosecutor general’s announcement on Monday came as protest organisers and military rulers resumed a new round of talks on handing over power to a civilian interim body.
“Omar al-Bashir and others have been charged for inciting and participating in the killing of demonstrators,” the prosecutor general’s office said.
Earlier this month, the prosecutor general ordered al-Bashir to be interrogated on charges of money laundering and financing of “terrorism”.
There has been no comment from al-Bashir since his removal and arrest on April 11. The former president is reportedly being held at the maximum security Kobar prison in the capital, Khartoum.
Al Jazeera’s Hiba Morgan, reporting from Khartoum, said a committee of doctors estimate at least 100 people were killed by security forces since protests began last December.
“A lot of them were shot as they were trying to run from the live ammunition fired by security forces,” she said.
The prosecutor’s office highlighted, in particular, the killing of Babiker Abdul Hameed, a 27-year-old doctor who was killed on January 19, “as he was trying to give medical assistance to protesters”, said Morgan.
“He was shot dead in front of witnesses.”
Huge crowds remain camped outside the military headquarters in central Khartoum, vowing to force the military council that replaced al-Bashir to cede power.
Lieutenant-General Shams al-Din Kabashi, spokesman for the military council, said the generals met with protest leaders on Monday and agreed on the structure of transitional bodies. Their make-up would be addressed in further talks a day later, he said.
“We discussed the structure of the transitional authority and agreed on it completely, and we also agreed on the system of governance in the transitional period,” he said.
Taha Osman, spokesman for the protest movement, known as the Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces (DFCF), confirmed the development to AFP news agency.
“At today’s meeting we agreed on the structure of the authorities and their powers,” said Osman.
“The authorities are as follows – the sovereign council, the cabinet and the legislative body. Tomorrow the talks will continue to discuss the period of transition and the composition of the authorities.”